Palatable to grazing animals during its growing season, Sacaton has grayish-green stems with foot-long leaf blades. Its open, multiple-branched spikelets may cover one to two feet of the stem. Curly Mesquite, less than a foot tall, grows in gravelly soils between and feet in elevation. Palatable, persistent and aggressive, the grass has woolly, bluish-green stems with a profusion of leaves that curl tightly as they cure in late summer and fall. The spikelets cause the slender stems to assume a characteristic zigzag shape.
Other widespread desert grassland species include several other gramas, Green Sprangletop, Bush Muhly and Sand Dropseed. The desert grasses and their associated plants in the shrub savannas support complex communities of invertebrate and vertebrate animals. Whitford, Gregory S. Forbes and Graham I. Examples of desert grassland invertebrates that feed on the plants range from the microscopic protozoans and nematodes to soil mites to molluscs to the multi-legged millipedes to, of course, the insects.
The mollusks, or snails and slugs, feed on plant materials above the surface of the ground. The seven- or eight-inch-long millipedes, non-venomous animals that look something like segmented worms with two pairs of legs for each segment, feed on dead plant matter. Many insects, for instance, various grasshoppers, cicadas and seed-eating harvester ants, take their customary places at the desert grasslands dining table.
Harvester ants seek out grassy areas that promise a high level of seed production.
Parmenter and Thomas R. The ebb and flow of the bird population and diversity in the desert grasslands largely reflect the availability of seeds, say Parmenter and Van Devender. Established in and devoted to fostering a sense of wonder and respect toward Nature and to helping society realize Rachel Carson's vision of a healthy and diverse environment.
Newsletter published three times per year. Publishes Restoration and Management Notes, a biannual scholarly journal that focuses on ecological restoration of natural areas. Internet site on Green Landscaping with Native Plants is an excellent resource. For a comprehensive list of native plant nurseries, contact either of the following organizations:. Includes descriptions of poisonous wild fruits and berries, so you know which ones to avoid.
Contains 19 recipes, including muffins, squares, popsicles and drinks. A handy field guide to the wild berries of the Province. W paperback Color photographs and concise descriptions assist readers in identifying individual species by leaf, bark, flower, and fruit. More than an i. A handy, insightful guide to these wild trees and shrubs of eastern North America. A field guide to species in plant families found in two large ecoregions, the Southern Deciduous Forest and the Great Lakes-St.
Species accounts combine color photographs, concise text and notes on habitat, ecology, similar species, edibility, traditional uses and origins of plant names. Features introductions to each plant family, color photo keys to aid in plant identification, common and scientific names, and much more.
A valuable, comprehensive reference. Comprehensive color guide, with each section presenting plants by family found in the boreal forest of Northeastern Ontario from Hudson Bay in the north to Kirkland Lake in the south, and from the Quebec border in the east to Manitouwadge in the west. Contains more than species. For each plant, features facts on natural history, ethnobotany and potential hazards.
A good local resource. F paperback Central Ontario is noted for its diverse mix of conifer and hardwood forest ecosystems. Includes notes on natural history, ethnobotany, edibility, hazards and historical use of each plant. A handy, popular reference. Sorry, this title is currently out of print - limited copies available! Leo Hitchcock, Arthur Cronquist. Essentially a condensation of their five-volume work, Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest Contains botanical information on all of the plant species and related taxa approximately 4, plants in their work - flowering plants, conifers, and fern-related plants native to or established in Washington, northern Oregon and Idaho, western Montana, and southern British Columbia.
Includes information on plant taxonomy, common names, habitat, range, and more. A must for anyone interested in the plant life of this area. F hardcover Contains: concise species descriptions to help identify plants; a color photo guide to wildflowers, and; interesting notes about edible plants, native uses of plants and origins of plant names.
Whether you are a naturalist, a day hiker or an armchair adventurer, a handy reference to the forest plants found in these regions. Award Winner. Features descriptions of native and nonnative exotic or invasive plants, including species of forbs herbaceous plants , in genera: grasses, sedges, and rushes; woody vines and semiwoody plants; shrubs; palms and yucca; cane; cactus; ferns, and; ground lichen.
University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
A "must-have" guide to common and unique plants found in forests of the Southeast. Provides detailed information about more than species of trees, shrubs, wildflowers, grasses, ferns, mosses and lichens found in the boreal and aspen parkland regions of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. Features: a colour photo guide to wildflowers; clear species descriptions to help identify plants, and; intriguing notes about edible plants, native uses of plants and origins of plant names. Easy-to-use format. A comprehensive, handy reference to the plants found in these forest regions.
Proper identification of sedge species is an essential component of ecological studies, such as wetland delineations, wetland functional assessments, natural resource inventories, site suitability assessments, ecological characterizations, land conservation value evaluations, and rare species surveys and habitat assessments.
This is a fully-illustrated guide to all species, subspecies, and extant hybrids in the Cyperaceae family that occur in the State. Includes an informative introduction, extensive keys, a glossary of botanical terms, a thorough index, and numerous color photographs of each species. A valuable, comprehensive reference readily applicable throughout the Northeast and parts of Canada.
Raynal, D. Features state-protected herbaceous and woody species found in wetland and upland forests throughout New York NY and the Northeast. Key botanical details of each species and its habitat, and a general introduction to the various categories of rarity in New York. The thirty-two 32 woody species include both trees and shrubs. A handy reference.
L paperback A tremendous resource for the identification of tallgrass prairie plants native to the mid-continent of North America. More than illustrations are presented with accompanying plant descriptions and ecological notes. The plants are arranged according to the three most prominent families: Poaceae grass , Fabaceae legumes , and Asteraceae composite. PR paperback Invasive Plants.
An essential resource for landowners and anyone hoping to understand this unprecedented environmental challenge.
- Field Guide to the Grasses, Sedges, and Rushes of the United States.
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I paperback Boersma, S. Reichard, A. Van Buren, eds.. Describes these species, how they got here, and the effects of their invasions on the region's environment. Descriptions of each of the invasive species of fish, plants, invertebrates, mammals, and birds include: a color photograph; a map showing the species' presence in the region; impact on communities and native species; control methods and management; life histories and species overview, and; history of invasiveness. A timely, informative overview of this important environmental issue.
Documents the status of invasive species in Canada and their known impacts on the biodiversity of various types of ecosystems. Presents a collection of papers from experts in several disciplines who discuss and analyze invasive species from a variety of perspectives, including: invasion pathways; affected sectors; management and control, and; international collaborations. A timely, comprehensive overview highlighting the alien species problem in Canada.
A paperback Readily applicable to other regions, including woodlands and wetlands in the Northeast.
Field guide to the grasses, sedges and rushes of the United States
Contains the practical information and photos people need to identify and control the ruinous invasive plants to the region trees, shrubs, vines, grasses, sedges, and herbaceous plants - including aquatic invaders. Includes: manual, mechanical, biological, and chemical control techniques; information and advice about herbicides; and suggestions for related ecological restoration and community education efforts.
An informative, practical resource for natural resource managers, foresters, farmers, landowners, and others. This is the first comprehensive guidebook for terrestrial exotic invasive species in Ontario. Focuses on the biology, ecology and management of species that invade hardwood forests, which are a major natural resource in Canada. The first main section provides an introduction to the importance of hardwood forests in Ontario and an overview about management practices both invasive species and woodlot management.
The second section focuses on invasive species accounts, including fourteen 14 exotic plants, five 5 insects and six 6 pathogens. All were selected based on science-based criteria stemming from their economic, environmental and societal effects. A valuable and timely reference for a broad audience, including academics, students, natural resource managers, woodlot owners and the general public. G paperback Wetland Plants. Covers plant lore, ecology, and tips for plant identification. Includes details on plant collection and preservation, as well as non-technical investigations and projects.
An introduction to the ecology and natural beauty of the wetlands. Provides an overview of wetland ecology with emphasis on factors important to wetland identification and recognition. Designed for those with little or no training in wetland science.
Sorry, this title has gone out of print and will be no longer be available! CX paperback Jennifer Guard. Features descriptions of over plant species.
Plants are grouped by habitat - wooded wetland, wetland prairie, marshy shore, and submerged and flating communities. A highly-illustrated guide, with over color photographs and 74 line drawings that provide additional detail. Includes hints for distinguishing easily confused species, as well as intriguing notes on endangered plants, wildlife uses, associated species and natural history. A concise, authoritative, easy-to-use field guide to the rich wetland ecosystems of the region. W softcover Describes over species of wetland plants found across eastern North America and the ranges of many extend west to British Columbia and Alaska.
A Field Guide to Grasses, Sedges and Rushes | NHBS Field Guides & Natural History
Features detailed plant species descriptions combined with drawings and color photographs. Includes edible plants, native uses of plants, and a color photo guide to flowers. A handy field guide. Focuses on the color, shape, and texture of the plants. Descriptions tell how to identify grasses and provide a lively account of their history, ecology and uses.
Covers species. Grasses are the world's most important plants. Designed as a successor to the classic volume by Hitchcock and Chase M , below , the Manual of Grasses for North America reflects current taxonomic thought and includes keys, illustrations, and distribution maps for the nearly native and introduced species that have been found in North America north of Mexico. Features keys and illustrations for several species that are known only in cultivation or are of major agricultural significance, either as progenitors of bread wheat and corn or as a major threat to North American agriculture because of their ability to hybridize with crop species.